The format of the data files is defined by the
opennmt.inputters.Inputter used by your model.
opennmt.inputters.TextInputters expect a text file as input where:
sentences are separated by a newline
tokens are separated by a space (unless a custom tokenizer is set, see Tokenization)
$ head -5 data/toy-ende/src-train.txt It is not acceptable that , with the help of the national bureaucracies , Parliament 's legislative prerogative should be made null and void by means of implementing provisions whose content , purpose and extent are not laid down in advance . Federal Master Trainer and Senior Instructor of the Italian Federation of Aerobic Fitness , Group Fitness , Postural Gym , Stretching and Pilates; from 2004 , he has been collaborating with Antiche Terme as personal Trainer and Instructor of Stretching , Pilates and Postural Gym . " Two soldiers came up to me and told me that if I refuse to sleep with them , they will kill me . They beat me and ripped my clothes . Yes , we also say that the European budget is not about the duplication of national budgets , but about delivering common goals beyond the capacity of nation states where European funds can realise economies of scale or create synergies . The name of this site , and program name Title purchased will not be displayed .
For text inputs, vocabulary files should be provided in the data configuration (see for example in the Quickstart section). OpenNMT-tf uses a simple text format with one token per line, which should begin with these special tokens:
<blank> <s> </s>
onmt-build-vocab script can be used to generate this file.
from tokenized files¶
The script can be run directly on tokenized files. For example the command:
onmt-build-vocab --size 50000 --save_vocab vocab.txt train.txt.tok
extracts the 50,000 most frequent tokens from
train.txt.tok and saves them to
from raw files¶
onmt-build-vocab splits each line on spaces. It is possible to define a custom tokenization with the
--tokenizer_config option. See the Tokenization section for more information.
from SentencePiece training¶
onmt-build-vocab can also prepare a SentencePiece vocabulary and model from raw data. For example the command:
onmt-build-vocab --sentencepiece --size 32000 --save_vocab sp train.txt.raw
will produce the SentencePiece model
sp.model and the vocabulary
sp.vocab of size 32,000. Additional SentencePiece training options can be passed to the
--sentencepiece argument in the format
--sentencepiece character_coverage=0.98 num_threads=4.
opennmt.inputters.SequenceRecordInputter expects a file with serialized TFRecords. We propose 2 ways to create this file, choose the one that is the easiest for you:
It is very simple to generate a compatible TFRecords file directly from Python:
import opennmt as onmt import numpy as np dataset = [ np.random.rand(8, 50), np.random.rand(4, 50), np.random.rand(13, 50) ] onmt.inputters.create_sequence_records(dataset, "data.records")
This example saves a dataset of 3 random vectors of shape
[time, dim] into the file “data.records”. It should be easy to adapt for any dataset of 2D vectors.
via the ARK text format¶
onmt-ark-to-records proposes an alternative way to generate this dataset. It converts the ARK text format:
KEY [ FEAT1.1 FEAT1.2 FEAT1.3 ... FEAT1.n ... FEATm.1 FEATm.2 FEATm.3 ... FEATm.n ]
which describes an example of
m vectors of depth
n and identified by
onmt-ark-to-records -h for the script usage. It also accepts an optional indexed text file (i.e. with lines prefixed with
KEYs) to generate aligned source vectors and target texts.
Guided alignment requires a training alignment file that uses the “Pharaoh” format, e.g.:
0-0 1-1 2-4 3-2 4-3 5-5 6-6 0-0 1-1 2-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 0-0 1-2 2-1 3-3 4-4 5-5
where a pair
i-j indicates that the
ith word of the source sentence is aligned with the
jth word of the target sentence (zero-indexed).
This file should then be added in the data configuration:
data: train_alignments: train-alignment.txt params: guided_alignment_type: ce
Data files compressed with GZIP are supported. The path should end with the
.gz extension for the file to be correctly loaded:
data: train_features_file: /data/wmt/train.en.gz train_labels_file: /data/wmt/train.de.gz
By default, the data are expected to be on the same filesystem. However, it is possible to reference data stored in HDFS, Amazon S3, or any other remote storages supported by TensorFlow. For example:
data: train_features_file: s3://namebucket/toy-ende/src-train.txt train_labels_file: hdfs://namenode:8020/toy-ende/tgt-train.txt
For more information, see the TensorFlow documentation:
opennmt.inputters.ParallelInputter, as many input files as inputters are expected. You have to configure your YAML file accordingly:
data: train_features_file: - train_source_1.records - train_source_2.txt - train_source_3.txt source_2_vocabulary: ... source_3_vocabulary: ... # If you also want to configure the tokenization: source_2_tokenization: ... source_3_tokenization: ... # If you also want to configure the embeddings: source_2_embedding: ... source_3_embedding: ...
Similarly, when using the
--features_file command line option of the main script (e.g. for inference or scoring), a list of files must also be provided:
onmt.main [...] infer \ --features_file test_source_1.records test_source_2.txt test_source_3.txt